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CBG vs. CBD: Full Breakdown
CBD Education


CBG vs. CBD: Full Breakdown 

While we may not hear about them as much, the world of cannabinoids extends beyond just CBD and THC. An increasingly noteworthy member is CBG, or cannabigerol.

Despite its lesser-known status, CBG is rapidly gaining attention for its unique potential benefits. This article dives into a detailed comparison of CBD and CBG, two naturally occurring compounds in the Cannabis sativa plant. We will explore their interactions with the body's endocannabinoid system, extraction processes, presence in different product types, potential benefits, and safety considerations.

We'll also discuss how CBD and CBG can play a role in supporting your overall well-being and guide you in choosing the right cannabinoid for your needs.

What Is CBD?

Cannabidiol, better known as CBD, is a naturally occurring compound extracted from the Cannabis sativa plant. As one of over a hundred cannabinoids in the hemp plant, CBD has become notable due to its interaction with the body's endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is a complex internal network made up of naturally-produced endocannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors scattered throughout the body, and enzymes.

The ECS plays a crucial role in maintaining balance in our bodies and influences functions like mood, sleep, and immune response.

CBD's interaction with the ECS is a fascinating process – if you ask us. Unlike its cousin THC, CBD does not directly bind with the main receptors of the ECS, namely CB1 and CB2 receptors. Instead, CBD is believed to influence these receptors indirectly and enhance the levels of endocannabinoids — the cannabinoids produced naturally by our bodies.

By influencing these receptors and supporting our own endocannabinoids, CBD can potentially support various aspects of wellness.

What Is CBG?

Cannabigerol, or CBG, is another non-psychoactive cannabinoid derived from the cannabis plant. It's often referred to as the "mother" or "stem cell" of cannabinoids. This is because the acidic form of CBG, known as CBGA, is the precursor from which other cannabinoids – including CBD and THC – are synthesized.

What sets CBG apart is its apparent direct interaction with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the ECS. While research is ongoing, preliminary studies suggest that CBG binds primarily with the CB2 receptor, which predominantly exists in the body's peripheral organs, especially immune cells. This interaction may influence our body's response to swelling and discomfort.

However, much like CBD, it's important to remember that the full range of CBG’s potential benefits is still being explored by scientists and it's not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any health conditions.

How Are CBD and CBG Extracted?

The process of extracting and producing CBD and CBG is a delicate one, which has significant implications for the quality and efficacy of the resulting products. Both CBD and CBG are typically extracted using a method involving either a solvent or heat to separate the desired cannabinoids from the plant material.

When it comes to extraction methods, the main difference between CBD and CBG extraction revolves around the maturity of the hemp plant each cannabinoid is extracted from.

  • CBD is generally extracted from mature hemp plants that naturally contain a higher concentration of this particular cannabinoid.
  • CBG, on the other hand, is often harvested from younger hemp plants, specifically around six weeks into the flowering cycle, when the CBG content is at its peak before it gets converted into other cannabinoids.

After extraction, both of these cannabinoids undergo further refinement to remove any undesired components, such as residual plant materials, waxes, and chlorophyll. The resulting product is a potent and concentrated cannabinoid extract.

This extract can be incorporated into various product types, including tinctures, topicals, and edibles, to offer potential benefits to its users.

Does CBD Contain CBG?

While CBD and CBG are two distinct cannabinoids, both full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD extracts contain small amounts of CBG as well.

Full-spectrum CBD extract is a whole-plant extract, meaning it includes all the naturally occurring compounds in the cannabis plant, including other cannabinoids like CBG, terpenes (organic compounds that provide aroma and flavor), and flavonoids (compounds responsible for color).

These various components work together in what's called the "entourage effect," potentially enhancing the overall benefits of the product. This extract also includes trace amounts of THC, although always less than 0.3%, the legal limit in the U.S.

Broad-spectrum CBD extract also contains multiple cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids, including CBG, but it undergoes additional processing to remove any trace of THC. Like full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD can also induce the entourage effect, providing a holistic wellness experience without the presence of THC.

The only form of CBD that doesn’t contain any CBG is CBD isolate. This is because CBD isolate undergoes an extensive filtration process to isolate CBD from all other compounds – including other cannabinoids like CBG, terpenes, and flavonoids – creating a final product that is pure CBD. Because of this, CBD isolate is not associated with the desirable entourage effect.

CBG's inclusion in full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD extracts demonstrates its importance in the cannabinoid family. Although present in smaller quantities compared to CBD, CBG, along with other minor cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids, plays a significant role in providing a well-rounded, full-bodied experience that many users seek in a CBD product.

Therefore, when selecting CBD products, it's worthwhile to consider the type of extract used — full-spectrum or broad-spectrum — depending on personal preferences and needs.

CBD vs. CBG: What Are the Benefits?

When considering CBD and CBG, it's important to note that they each have their unique characteristics and potential benefits. Let's break it down.

Potential Benefits of CBD

As a well-known cannabinoid used to support our overall well-being, the benefits of CBD can include:

  • May Support an Active Lifestyle: ​​CBD might assist those maintaining an active lifestyle by supporting recovery from activities involving normal, everyday strains. It could potentially help ease muscle discomfort after a workout, supporting proper recovery.
  • Potential for Tension Relief: CBD might play a role in relieving tension, assisting in maintaining a relaxed state that's conducive to productivity and overall well-being.
  • May Aid Sleep: By helping ease tension and promote a sense of calm, some individuals find that CBD can also help promote restful sleep. This could be beneficial for those struggling with sleep disturbances or simply wanting to enhance their sleep quality.
  • May Support Skin Health: CBD's potential balancing and hydrating properties might be beneficial for skin health, offering support for a variety of skin concerns and contributing to a healthy, glowing complexion.
  • Can Support Balance Overall: CBD is often sought for its potential to support overall balance in the body and mind. Whether it's supporting overall emotional balance or homeostasis in the body, CBD might offer a holistic wellness approach.
  • Ease of Availability: As a well-known cannabinoid, CBD products are easily available in various forms. This accessibility allows you to choose the product that best suits their needs and preferences.

With its multitude of potential benefits, CBD is a versatile option for those looking to support their well-being in a holistic way.

Potential Benefits of CBG

Early research suggests that CBG can also support our well-being in a myriad of ways:

  • Potential for Supporting Mood: Preliminary research suggests that CBG may play a role in supporting a balanced mood, potentially offering benefits for mental wellness.
  • May Help Ease Discomfort: Like CBD, early research indicates that CBG could have a role in helping to relieve everyday discomfort, enhancing your comfort levels and quality of life.
  • Potential Support for Gut Health: CBG is gaining interest for its potential to support gut health. While studies are still in the early stages, there's promising evidence suggesting that CBG may help support immune function, which could be beneficial for maintaining a healthy digestive system.
  • May Support Skin Health: Like CBD, CBG may also have potential soothing properties that can support skin health. It could potentially aid in maintaining a healthy complexion and supporting a variety of skin concerns.
  • Novelty and Increasing Interest: As a lesser-known cannabinoid, CBG is gaining interest for its unique potential benefits, and early studies show promise.

Exploring the potential benefits of CBG offers a promising avenue in the world of cannabinoids and holistic wellness.

Are There Any Side Effects to CBD or CBG?

Like any wellness product, it's essential to consider potential side effects and safety when using CBD and CBG.

CBD Safety Considerations

CBD is largely safe, with no associated side effects other than nausea when taking large amounts of CBD oil.

To help reduce the risk of any side effects, it's often suggested to start with a lower dosage and gradually increase as necessary and comfortable, as well as only using reputable brands. Opt for CBD products that are third-party tested with lab results accessible to the public, as ours are on at Muscle MX.

Like many substances, CBD may interact with certain medications, so it's advisable to consult with a healthcare provider if you're taking prescription medications.

CBG Safety Considerations

CBG is generally known for its well-tolerated nature, with any side effects usually being mild. Similar to CBD, these potential side effects could include dry mouth or drowsiness.

As always, it's best to consult with a healthcare professional, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are currently on other medications. Medical consultation can help to ensure that the introduction of CBG will be beneficial.

Another crucial safety measure involves being mindful of dosages. When starting with CBG, it's wise to begin with smaller doses and carefully notice your body's reactions. Depending on these observations, you can gradually increase the dosage if necessary.

Both CBD and CBG are recognized for their good safety profiles. However, individual experiences with these cannabinoids can vary significantly. Therefore, it's essential to always listen to your body and keep track of any changes that occur after starting these supplements.

CBD vs. CBG: Which Is Better?

Choosing between CBD and CBG isn't about deciding which is “better” as such – it's more about determining which cannabinoid is more aligned with your specific wellness goals and preferences.

First, understand the distinct characteristics and potential benefits of each. CBD has a reputation for potentially promoting calmness and supporting recovery from everyday strains. On the other hand, CBG could offer mood-supporting benefits and contribute to overall mental wellness.

Reflect on what you're aiming to achieve with these cannabinoids. Are you looking to support an active lifestyle? Or perhaps you're intrigued by CBG's potential for mood balance? The "best" choice is subjective, depending on individual needs and goals.

The type of extract is another key factor. Full-spectrum products provide an “entourage effect” with a variety of cannabinoids working together, while broad-spectrum or isolate options offer a THC-free experience.

And with Muscle MX, you don't have to choose between CBD and CBG. Our CBD Bliss Gummies contain our Ultra Broad Spectrum CBD, combining CBD with other beneficial cannabinoids, including CBG, allowing for a synergistic experience where you can enjoy the elevated effects of both cannabinoids together.

The Role of CBD and CBG in Muscle MX Products

At Muscle MX, we're committed to quality and safety in our product lineup, which includes a careful and balanced blend of CBD and other beneficial cannabinoids like CBG.

While all of our broad-spectrum CBD products contain some amount of CBG, our CBD Bliss Gummies kick it up a notch with our unique ultra broad-spectrum CBD extract.

With a potent 10:1 CBD to other cannabinoids ratio, these gummies are designed to deliver the full benefits of CBD, enhanced by the presence of powerful cannabinoids like CBG. Crafted to provide a powerful mood-enhancing experience, these berry-flavored gummies are perfect for those seeking relaxation and relief.

The use of ultra broad-spectrum CBD means you're getting a THC-free product that still contains other beneficial cannabinoids, offering a well-rounded wellness experience. Whether you're looking to reduce tension or discomfort, or simply want to enjoy a daily dose of bliss, these gummies provide a convenient solution.

In choosing Muscle MX, you're choosing a brand that places a high value on quality, customer-centricity, and education. Our mission is to empower you with solution-based wellness, helping you feel your best each day.

The Bottom Line

CBD and CBG, non-psychoactive cannabinoids from the cannabis plant, offer unique potential benefits to well-being. CBD may promote calmness and overall balance, while CBG might support mood and gut health.

Choosing between them depends on personal wellness goals. With Muscle MX, you don’t have to choose between these two uniquely beneficial phytocannabinoids. Our CBD Bliss Gummies combine both cannabinoids for a synergistic experience. Our mission is to offer quality, safety, and educational resources to help you make informed decisions.

So whether you're seeking calm, balance, mood support, or an overall wellness boost, Muscle MX has you covered with the combined power of CBD and CBG. You can check out our Bliss Gummies along with our wide range of wellness products at our shop – and let the experience speak for itself.


An introduction to the endogenous cannabinoid system | PMC

Cannabigerol | ScienceDirect Topics

Hemp | USDA

Therapeutic Potential of Cannabidiol (CBD) for Skin Health | PMC

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